What is the ADA?
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which was passed in 1990, is an important piece of legislation that protects people with disabilities throughout public life. Essentially, the law helps to ensure that anyone with a disability will receive the same opportunities that an individual without a disability has in the public sector and some parts of the private sector.
The ADA has five specific sections that clarify where the law applies:
Title I - Employment
Title II - Public Services: State and Local Government
Title III - Public Accommodations and Services Operated by Private Entities
Title IV - Telecommunications
Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions
The ADA has adopted WCAG 2.1 AA as its core guidelines for website accessibility and online content. The internet is considered a place of public accommodation. This means that the ADA is enforceable by law. The ADA prevents discrimination based on ability and websites that discriminate against members of the public who require accommodations may be considered in violation of federal ADA laws.